Djibouti - UN : Speech by President Ismail Omar Guelleh at the United Nations Climate Summit
At the opening ceremony of the United Nations Climate Summit, held on Thursday, September 26, 2019, at the organization's headquarters in New York, the President of the Republic of Djibouti, HE Ismail Omar Guelleh, made an important speech on climate change and its consequences in the world by highlighting the damage that drought and floods always cause in the Republic of Djibouti. We reproduce here, the entirety of this speech as it was published by the ADI (Djibouti Information Agency).
"Praise God that peace and blessing be upon the Prophet, his Family and Companions"
Mr. President of the General Assembly,
Ladies and Gentlemen, Heads of State and Government,
Mr. Secretary General of the United Nations,
Ladies and gentlemen,
Allow me, first of all, to thank the Secretary General of Nations, as well as his entire team, for organizing this important climate summit. After a multitude of meetings and the adoption of the Paris Agreement four years ago, we laid the groundwork for collective action to face the greatest challenge facing humanity, as well as the more consequent of our time in terms of development and may jeopardize the lives of future generations.
Each region has its own specificities and environmental concerns that are not necessarily the same as in other regions. My country is particularly exposed to many climatic hazards, the most frequent and the most destructive being droughts and floods.
In addition, a rare rainfall impacting the agricultural activities of rural populations and the availability of water resources throughout the country regularly affects the country and weakens the resilience of people and infrastructure.
Djibouti also needs to prepare for other climatic hazards in the medium and long term, such as cyclones and rising sea level, whose projections for the year 2100 show the flooding of a large part of our capital. These climatic events are for the most part unusual and may multiply and intensify in the future.
In response to this worrying situation, the Republic of Djibouti has developed a National Strategy on Climate Change in 2018. The strategy aims to reduce vulnerability and increase the resilience of people, ecosystems and infrastructure.
In the mitigation area, our strategy is to accelerate the transition to renewable energy and develop energy efficiency.
As part of the global effort to combat climate change, in 2016 Djibouti submitted its National Determined Contribution in which we made strong commitments in both mitigation and adaptation.
In fact, with regard to mitigation, the Government has made a commitment to reduce CO2 emissions by 40% by 2030 compared to the reference scenario. This scenario of 40% is said to be unconditional and the related reductions will be obtained thanks to the execution of programs and projects of energy and transport already started.
In the framework of the conditional scenario that supposes additional funding from the international community, Djibouti is committed to reducing by 20% more than the unconditional scenario.
Ladies and gentlemen
Djibouti is already meeting its unconditional scenario commitments and has implemented several projects that have reduced CO2 emissions and strengthened the country's resilience. More than 80% of the projects identified in the unconditional scenario have been completed or are in the process of being implemented and the major positive impacts on the country, in terms of GHG emissions but also in terms of improving the living conditions of the region. population, are unequivocal.
Thus, in terms of energy transition, the electricity interconnection project with Ethiopia has reduced the country's CO2 emissions by more than 150,000 tons annually.
Djibouti has also initiated several renewable energy projects namely geothermal, wind and solar that will allow us to substantially reduce the emission of greenhouse gases.
I am therefore pleased to announce to this august assembly that Djibouti plans to reach an energy mix of 100 ° / ° of renewable energy in 2030.
Ladies and gentlemen,
Djibouti's ambition to achieve an energy transition can not be financed solely from own funds because Djibouti, one of the least developed countries, strives above all to finance the development of priority basic sectors such as health or education. .
The development of renewable energies and particularly that of geothermal energy, which my country has great potential, requires the availability of significant funds for the exploration phases, as does the adaptation and resilience component, which has also suffered from insufficient international funding.
The implementation of the Paris Agreement as well as the many international decisions taken previously require substantial international funding. However, we note with regret that the financial commitments made in Paris have not been realized.
For example, the Green Climate Fund has had less than US $ 10 billion available in the last four years. I take this opportunity to thank and congratulate the countries that have announced a substantial increase in their contribution to this fund and we urge the industrialized countries to fulfill their promise of climate finance and to simplify the procedures for accessing this funding.
Thank you for your kind attention. "