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Djibouti - Diplomacy : Candidacy of Djibouti as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council 

21/09/2019
00:00

Djibouti - Diplomacy : Candidacy of Djibouti as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council The Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Mr. Mohamed Ali Hassan, convened the Diplomatic Corps accredited to the Republic of Djibouti and delivered a speech on Djibouti's candidacy for the position of non-permanent member of the Council of United Nations Security. We reproduce here, the entirety of this speech.
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Good morning, ladies and gentlemen ambassadors, First of all, thank you for attending this meeting, which we wished to hold to take stock of the peace and security situation in our subregion and the main motivations and reasons for Djibouti's candidacy. to the United Nations Security Council for the period 2021-2022. Our Horn of Africa region remains the region of the Continent that has experienced the most turmoil and crisis in the last 30 years. Indeed, our region has experienced the Somali crisis, the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea, then between Eritrea and Djibouti, the war in South Sudan, the revolution in Sudan, the war in Yemen if we consider geographical proximity. All of these crises and conflicts have led to or have consequences for global security with the emergence of terrorist groups such as Islamabad, maritime piracy, illegal migration, displacement of people, refugees and internally displaced persons, as well as recrudescence. traffic of any kind; human trafficking, weapons, drugs, etc. However, over the past two years, there has been a definite improvement in the overall situation. Some even speak of a change of Paradigm, of upheaval and for the most optimistic of a new era in the Greater Horn of Africa. The Peace Agreement between Ethiopia and Eritrea, the high-level meeting between the Heads of State of Djibouti and Eritrea. The revitalized Agreement in South Sudan with the implementation of the transition period and, hopefully, the establishment of the Transitional Government in Nov 2019. The restoration of constitutional order in Sudan after the signing of the declaration of the constitution and the establishment of the transitional government headed by Abdallah Hamdok. All these events seem to augur a period of political stability for all these countries. During all these difficult years for the Horn of Africa, Djibouti has managed to preserve its stability and security on the one hand, and on the other hand my country has initiated peace initiatives for the region. Somalia, Sudan and Yemen benefited from Djibouti's contribution to peace and stabilization efforts, as well as humanitarian assistance through the reception of evacuees from conflict zones, refugees and displaced persons. Djibouti has worked hard to open humanitarian corridors to Somalia and Yemen. Moreover, it must be noted that Djibouti's contribution to the fight against piracy, human trafficking and terrorism remains a contribution appreciated by the entire international community. If we welcome foreign forces on our soil, it is above all to enhance our level of participation in this global effort to eradicate the threat of terrorism and to better secure the busiest shipping route in the world. Strait of Bab el Mandab. Djibouti has no hegemonic agenda and claims no role of regional power. If we have decided to continue our quest for this non-permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council, it is primarily for all the reasons mentioned above, but it is also because we firmly believe in a principle of equality. and equity among UN member states to serve in the Security Council, and even more so among African countries that have only 3 out of 15 seats in the UN body. Now to come to the PRC's decision of August 11, 2019 to skip two important steps before the appointment of the African candidate to this non-permanent seat, it is worth recalling the following: Regional groups meet to apply the rotation principle. In 2017, the East Africa group met several times under the chairmanship of Djibouti, Dean of Ambassadors in Addis Ababa. Kenya has insisted and persisted in its rejection of rotation because I have to remember it. 1 - Kenya served twice in the Security Council (1973-1974)                                                                                            (1997-1998) 2 - Djibouti = 1 time (1993-1994). If these principles of rotation and the latest participation had been taken into account, the PRC should have voted in favor of Djibouti instead of prematurely moving to a vote to be held in June 2020 at the General Assembly of the United Nations. The African Group in New York has not been consulted by the PRC, this is the second irregularity that has been made. Given this incomprehensible situation for Djibouti, my Government has reserved the right to continue its campaign for obtaining this seat. Djibouti does not create a new unprecedented situation, a few years ago, Guinea Bissao, whose candidature was endorsed by the U.A lost to Nigeria who did not have this endorsement. A few years ago, Mauritania, endorsed by the African Union, was beaten by Morocco, which, at that time, had not yet returned to the U.A. This is to say that the endorsement of the AU may give you a slight advantage, but not the guarantee of being elected to the General Assembly, especially if Member States find this breach of the principle of rotation and the last one. Djibouti believes that it is in his right and therefore requests the support and support of your countries to his candidacy. Thank you

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