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Mohamed Idriss Farah

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African Union - 33rd Summit : Official Launch of the Continental Free Trade Area 


The President of the Republic, His Excellency Ismail Omar Guelleh, who arrived Saturday, July 6, 2019, to participate in the work of the 33rd summit of the African Union that opened its doors Sunday morning in the capital of Niger, Niamey. The main theme of this foundation is the entry into force of the African Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA) and its official launch.

During this first day of the African Union summit, the President of the Republic, delivered an important speech during which he expressed that the strengthening of the economic integration of the continent and the extension of the field and job opportunities were the reasons for our country's willingness to ratify the implementation of the African Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA). President Guelleh's speech at the forum of the African Union summit in Niamey was held in a closed meeting bringing together all 30 African Heads of State and Government attending the summit. of the African Union in Niamey, Niger.

If the main agenda of this foundation of the African Union is dedicated to the arrival of the CFTA, the fundamental question which mainly centered the debates was on the concrete modes of expression, on the ground, of this new situation. In this regard, it was decided, particularly with regard to the apprehension of certain countries vis-à-vis the implications of the CFTA for their national economies, that the full implementation of the African common market running in between 5 and 10 years. Outside the continental African free trade area, other topics are on the agenda of this African Union summit.

The reform of the institutions of the Organization, in particular the fact that the second annual summit of the AU now falls to 2020 from a base joining together all the Heads of State and Government of the Continent as was the case until now, but this meeting now only associates the Presidents of the different Regional Organizations, the President of the Commission, the members of the Troika, that is, the current President of the AU, the President of the previous term and that of the coming term, was decided in this summit. The financing of the Organization, specifically the addition of the recently established African Peace Fund in Kigali to the budgetary contribution of the nation-states, was also discussed in this meeting.

The reform on the number of members of the African Union Commission and the reduction of its team of 11 to 9 members was also mentioned. Lastly, the candidacy of the Republic of Djibouti for the post of member of the United Nations Security Council was another pole of discussion of this pan-African base.

In addition to his participation in the African Union summit in Niamey, President Ismail Omar Guelleh met with several high-ranking officials attending the AU meeting. The President of the Democratic and Federal Republic of Ethiopia, Ms. Sahle-Work Zewde, is indeed one of the senior officials and leaders with whom President Guelleh met on the sidelines of the Niamey summit.

An important delegation composed among others of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Mr. Mahamoud Ali Youssouf, the Minister of Commerce, Mr. Hassan Houmed Ibrahim and the Ambassador of the Republic of Djibouti to the Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and Representative Permanent Representative of our country to the African Union, Mr. Mohamed Idriss Farah, participates alongside the Head of State at this summit of the African Union in Niamey, Niger.


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