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Mohamed Idriss Farah

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African Union - PSC : Communiqué


African Union - PSC : Communiqué
We reproduce the entire official communiqué of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU), which adopted, at its 810th meeting held on November 22, 2018, an important decision on the situation in the Horn of Africa. Here is the communiqué :

The board,

1. Takes note of the communications made by the Commissioner for Peace and Security, Ambassador Smaïl Chergui, as well as the representatives of the countries of the Horn of Africa, namely, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan , as well as by, on developments in the Horn of Africa;

2. Recalls its communiqués, PSC / PR / COMM (DCCL) of 6 February 2018 and PSC / MIN (DCCXCVII) of 24 September 2018 on the need to promote peace, security and development in the Horn of Europe Africa;

3. Welcomes the commitment of the countries of the region under the leadership of HE Ismail Omar Guelleh, President of the Republic of Djibouti; HE Uhuru Kenyatta, President of the Republic of Kenya, HE Isaias Afwerki, President of the State of Eritrea, HE Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Farmajo, President of the Republic of Somalia; HE Salva Kiir Mayardit, President of the Republic of South Sudan, HE Omar Hassan Al-Bashir, President of the Republic of Sudan; and HE Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, President of the Republic of Uganda, to find solutions to political, security and economic issues, as well as for their efforts towards the integration of the Horn of Africa;

4. Welcomes, once again, the continuing positive developments in the Horn of Africa, marked by the improvement of diplomatic relations between and among the countries of the region, particularly between Eritrea and Ethiopia. The Council welcomes, once again, the courageous decisions taken by HE Abiy Ahmed, Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and HE Isaias Afwerki, President of the State of Eritrea, to end 20 years political stalemate between their two brother countries.

5. Welcomes, furthermore, the signing of the Joint Declaration on Global Cooperation between Ethiopia, Somalia and Eritrea, in Asmara on 5 September 2018, aimed at strengthening partnership and cooperation in the region. The Council recognizes that the objective of the agreement between these countries is to improve the economic conditions of all people in the Horn of Africa, through the fight against poverty, which is one of the sources of conflict in the region. the region. In this context, the Council notes that the Agreement also creates a sense of ownership among the countries of the Horn in order to preserve peace and stability in the region;

6. Welcomes the positive developments in South Sudan following the signing of the Revitalized Agreement for the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan as a significant step in the efforts to end the conflict which devastates the youngest African state. In this regard, the Council urges the international community to provide the necessary support for the implementation of the Agreement, which will facilitate the process of reconciliation and reconstruction in South Sudan;

7. Welcomes the progress made in the reconfiguration and reduction of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) Force and urges all Darfur movements to join the peace process in Darfur; the basis of the Doha Document for Peace and Development (DDPD) and put an end to the conflict in Darfur. The Council reiterates its satisfaction with the Agreement between the United States of America and the Government of Sudan that led to the lifting of economic sanctions against Sudan in October 2017, thus meeting the call of the Conference Union and Council;

8. Expresses its full support for the communiqué of the 66th Extraordinary Session of the IGAD Council of Ministers held on 16 November 2018 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. In this regard, the Council welcomes the decision to convene an IGAD Council of Ministers Retreat to discuss and analyze the new political and diplomatic context in the Horn of Africa, in the light of current developments;

9. Welcomes the adoption on 14 November 2018 of United Nations Security Council Resolution 2444 (2018) ending the arms embargo, travel bans, asset freezes and other targeted sanctions imposed on the State of Eritrea through Security Council resolutions 1907, 2013, 2060 and 2111. The Council underlines that this decision will make a substantial contribution to efforts to alleviate the economic burden borne by the Eritrean people over the last two decades and expresses appreciation for the regional efforts contributed to this decision;

10. Takes note of the electoral process under way in the Federated Member States in Somalia. In this regard, the Council urges political leaders at federal and state level, as well as all stakeholders, to demonstrate their statesmanship and restraint, in order to avoid that could jeopardize efforts to consolidate hard-won gains in this country. The Security Council notes with concern the continuing security threats posed not only by Al-Shabaab and other emerging armed groups, such as the Islamic State, but also by inter-clan disputes and militias. The Council strongly emphasizes the need to reorganize the security system in Somalia and to continue the implementation of the Transition Plan and the National Security Architecture. The Council encourages the AU Commission to maintain its continued support to the Somali National Forces, as well as its close collaboration with the GFS, which is increasingly asserting its leadership role;

11. Welcomes the bilateral contacts between Djibouti and Eritrea and calls on the two countries to continue their interaction with a view to finding solutions to the problems of the missing soldiers and the border between the two countries, in accordance with Resolution 2444 (2018) with a view to achieving a rapid normalization of their relations in the context of efforts for peace, security, stability and reconciliation in the Horn of Africa;

12. Notes that the complex political, security and economic dynamics prevailing in the Horn of Africa call for a measured but robust partnership and commitment in all areas in support of regional Member States. The Council stresses the need for stakeholders to have a common understanding of regional dynamics and to develop a global joint, inclusive and well coordinated approach, with a view to identifying the best ways and means by which regional and international actors could support ongoing peace and standardization efforts among the countries of the Horn region, while avoiding redundancies in external efforts and interference;

13. Calls upon the Commission, using all the tools at its disposal, to support positive developments in the Horn of Africa, where necessary. The Council calls on the international community and regional partners to support these efforts with a view to making this positive dynamic sustainable;

14. Further requests the Commission to report to it every three months on developments in the Horn of Africa region;

15. Decides to remain in the 


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