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Mohamed Idriss Farah

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The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU) devoted its 807th meeting, held on 8 November 2018, to a public meeting on the theme: "Youth, Peace and Security". We reproduce here the official communiqué of the Peace and Security Council as published by the AUPSC.

In commemoration of the African Youth Day, the Council adopted the following decision:

1. Takes note of the opening statement made by the Permanent Representative of the Republic of Djibouti, HE Ambassador Mohammed Idriss Farah in his capacity as President of the CPS for the month of November 2018, and the communication of the Commissioner for peace and security, HE Ambassador Smail Chergui, read on his behalf by Acting Director Peace and Security, Mr. Admore Kambudzi.

The Council also takes note of the presentations made by Ms. Mahama Ouedraogo, Director of Human Resources, Science and Technology, and Mr. Achaleke Christian Leke, on behalf of youth organizations working for peace and security on the African continent.
The Council further notes the statements made by AU Member States, representatives of Regional Economic Communities / Regional Mechanisms for Conflict Prevention, Management and Resolution (REC / RM), AU Partners and international organizations;

2. Recalls the African Youth Charter adopted by the 7th Ordinary Session of the Conference, held in Banjul, The Gambia, on 2 July 2006, in particular Article 17, which recognizes the important role of youth in promoting peace and security in Africa. The Council also recalls the Constitutive Act of the AU and Article 20 of the Protocol on the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council of the AU, as well as aspirations 4 and 6 of Agenda 2063, namely a peaceful and secure Africa and an Africa whose development depends on people, especially women and young people, and cares for children. The Council also recalls the decision adopted by the 26th Ordinary Session of the African Union Conference held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on 30 and 31 January 2016, in which the Conference adopted the theme of the year 2017 under the title "Harnessing the Demographic Dividend through Investing in Youth", which laid the foundation for the integration of youth into AUC programs;

3. Also recalls the communiqué, adopted at its 665th meeting held on 13 March 2017, in which the Council encouraged young people to participate in mediation and conflict prevention efforts. The Council also recalls Resolutions 2250 (2015), 2419 and the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) 2030 Strategy;

4. Welcomes the action taken by the Youth for Peace program in Africa, which was launched in Lagos, Nigeria, in September 2018, with a mandate to implement all relevant AU regional and international instruments , relating to the role of youth in promoting peace and security in Africa. In this context, the Council requests the Commission to establish a Secretariat for Youth, Peace and Security within the Peace and Security Department, which will coordinate the activities of the Youth for Peace Program in Africa;

5. Commends young people for their contributions to the promotion of peace, security and stability in Africa. In this regard, the Council stresses the importance of including young people at all levels and ensuring their effective participation in all efforts to promote peace and security, in accordance with the provisions of article 17 of the Convention. the African Union Youth Charter, the communiqué of the 665th meeting of the PSC, resolutions 2250 and 2419 and the UNSC and the fifth priority of the United Nations 2030 Strategy for Youth;

6. Welcomes the appointment of Ms. Aya Chabbi, AU Special Envoy for Youth, and assures her of the Council's unwavering support in carrying out her mandate;

7. Commends Egypt for organizing the second edition of the World Youth Forum, which took place from 2 to 6 November 2018, in Sharm el-Sheikh, and calls on young people from all over Africa to join forthcoming editions of the Forum and to participate;

8. Notes the challenges faced by young people, including the reintegration of young people who have been disengaged from extremist or armed groups, the lack of funding, mistrust and suspicion, as well as the misrepresentation and stereotypes of young people by associating them always to violence.
In this regard, the Council stresses the need for appropriate political, legal and psychosocial frameworks to facilitate and sustainably support the reintegration of young people who have been disengaged from armed or extremist groups;

9. Also notes the limited documentation on the contributions of African youth to peace and security. In this context, the Council requests the Commission to undertake a study on the role of youth in the promotion of peace and security in Africa and to submit the conclusions of this study to the Council for consideration and action, where appropriate;

10. Calls upon all Member States to urgently implement Resolution 2250, to remove all structural obstacles to effective youth participation, to mobilize the necessary resources and to develop long-term national action plans for the future; effective involvement and participation of young people in promoting peace and security, as well as in national development processes. In this respect, the Council calls on the Member States to strengthen the potential of young people by ensuring their access to education, with particular emphasis on vocational training and job creation, with a view to reducing unemployment among young people. youth and the vulnerability associated with exploitation, manipulation, radicalization and discrimination and recruitment by extremist, criminal and armed groups;

11. Commends the Commission for the measures taken to implement the African Union Youth Charter and to ensure the effective integration of the participation and contribution of African youth in all efforts to promote peace , security and development of Africa, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the decisions of the AU Conference. The Council also congratulates the Commission for developing the AU Youth Volunteer Program which, among other things, offers young people from all over the African continent the opportunity to serve and gain crucial professional experience, general skills, social skills, international exposure and leadership skills. In this context, the Council calls on all AU Member States to provide technical and financial support for the autonomy of the AU Young Volunteer Corps program and calls on the Commission to accelerate the finalization of a framework on youth, peace and security, for consideration by relevant AU organs, as soon as possible;

12. Commends the AU partners and members of the international community for their continued support for the effective implementation of the AU Youth Charter, as well as UNSC Resolutions 2250 and 2419, through the capacity building;

13. Stresses the need to nominate five African Peace Ambassadors from each of the five regions who will work with the AU Envoy for Youth in promoting peace and security on the continent;

14. Decides to institutionalize and regularize an annual public session on "Youth, Peace and Security in Africa";

15. Decides to remain seized of the matter.


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