Sudan peace agreement : Riek Machar arrived in Juba
Souhaitent Sudanese rebel leader Riek Machar arrived in Juba on Wednesday 31 October 2018, after more than two years of absence, to attend a ceremony celebrating the signing of a new peace agreement in South Sudan. For the third time since the start of the civil war in South Sudan - in 2013, two years after independence - Riek Machar and rival Salva Kiir signed a peace deal last month. Like the previous ones, this agreement designates Mr. Machar as vice-president, a position he held until July 2016.
But worries remain. International partners and mediators in the South Sudan crisis question the real willingness of the two protagonists to collaborate, and thus put an end to the war. This skepticism is further fueled by the slow implementation of the agreement with missed deadlines or repeated violations of the ceasefire.
Until last week again, Riek Machar was spreading the specter of his absence on the last stage of these talks. He demanded as a guarantee, in a letter to his rival Kiir, the release of all political prisoners, the lifting of the state of emergency or the effective assumption of responsibility for his security.
In South Sudan, the entrenched positions of the actors of the conflict have had a serious impact on the populations. According to a recent estimate, the five-year civil war in the country has killed nearly 400,000 people through violence and disease. Millions of people have been displaced and parts of the country have fallen into famine.